The 111 South Wacker Drive building, a 52 story, 1.1 million square foot class A office building in Chicago, is a privately owned building which has earned LEED Gold certification for both New Construction and Existing Buildings, and as of 2015 is Platinum certified. Five categories of green operations contribute to earning LEED certification: water use reduction; sustainable site selection; responsible materials selection and waste management; enhanced indoor environmental quality; and energy efficient operations.
The Tekleen System
Installed on the top-most floor, the Tekleen system filters the water used in the building condensing water system. It primarily filters the tenant condensing water loop which feeds the building’s condensing water to the tenants’ supplemental air-conditioning systems, such as for computer server room cooling.
The filter system captures and reuses cleaned flush water via the dewatering system, reducing the overall release of water and minimizing the use of system cleaning chemicals. Additionally it saves energy used to run the filtering mechanisms.
The Tekleen system also provides reduced maintenance costs by minimizing man hours required for cleaning, since it is automatically self-cleaning and very efficient.
The Tekleen system at the 111 South Wacker Drive building consists of a low pressure automatic filter with a backwash controller. The system operates continuously. Water pressure is maintained constantly. When the system detects too much pressure through the filter, it initiates the automatic cleaning process to remove filtered debris and solids, thereby reducing the pressure and restoring a lower work load to reduce energy usage.
The 111 South Wacker Drive building is equipped with a building automation system that can detect changes in the drive speed needed to maintain the proper flow through the tenant system, which has reported an approximate 10% drop in the speed needed to maintain the flow which does equate to energy savings.
When the Tekleen system automatically cleans its filters, the solid debris is captured in a container called a “filter bag.” Then from there, the water used in the cleaning process is returned to the condensing water system. The filter bag is emptied and cleaned every 1 to 3 weeks, and can be reused for subsequent cycles.
The Old System and Its Problems
The original water filtering system at the 111 South Wacker Drive building had 2 duplex strainers. It required daily cleaning, from 2 to 3 times a day. Each cleaning cycle took 1 to 1-1/2 hours to complete. Manual cleaning was initiated when the old system drive reached a higher than normal energy usage because of the operating resistance caused by accumulated debris in the smaller strainers.
The Engineering Dept. of JLL, the management company for the 111 South Wacker Drive building, were asked to find a solution to the manpower used to perform this task by the building owner representatives. The Tekleen system was chosen to solve this problem. It could use a larger filter with a smaller filter mesh to remove more debris, and because it is self-cleaning, it would save labor and operate more efficiently, saving energy and equipment throughout the system.
In addition to the Tekleen system alarm, the engineers at the 111 South Wacker Drive building have installed a redundant alarm to notify them through the BAS in the event of a malfunction or a leak. Also with the use of automated controls it has the ability to temporarily stop the cleaning process to protect the building and the tenants.
After hearing how effective TEKLEEN filters were in cleaning cooling water and reducing maintenance costs for Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), John Wayne Airport installed five 10-inch (1,800 gpm) filters and one 6-inch (800 gpm) filter for its air conditioning system.